Chowdary P, Kearney S, Regnault A, Hoxer CS, Yee DL.
Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of individuals with haemophilia has greatly improved with the use of factor replacement and routine prophylaxis.
To explore the HRQoL of individuals with haemophilia B treated with nonacog beta pegol, an extended half-life recombinant factor IX, in a single-blind, randomized multinational phase III pivotal trial (paradigm(™) 2) and its open-label extension (paradigm(™) 4).
In the pivotal trial, adolescents and adults with haemophilia B were allocated to 28-week on-demand treatment or randomized to 52 weeks of prophylaxis with 10 or 40 IU kg(-1) nonacog beta pegol administered every seven days. In the extension trial, patients could continue on the same treatment or switch to the alternate dosing regimen at any time. HRQoL was assessed with the HAEMO-QOL/HAEM-A-QOL age-specific questionnaires and the EQ-5D.
In the pivotal trial, adults receiving 40 IU kg(-1) prophylaxis reported significant improvements in the 'HAEM-A-QOL Total' score (-6.4 ± 8.5, P = 0.017) and in 'Sport' (-15.3 ± 8.5, P = 0.020), 'Feeling' (-15.2 ± 18.3, P = 0.010) and 'Partnership' (-9.6 ± 15.5, P = 0.046) domain scores; no significant improvements were seen in the other arms. At the pivotal trial end, fewer patients reported problems in the EQ-5D 'Mobility' and 'Pain/Discomfort' dimensions, in particular those receiving prophylaxis. In the extension trial, adult patients switching from 10 to 40 IU kg(-1) prophylaxis showed significant improvements in 'HAEM-A-QOL Total' score (-12.5 ± 8.7, P = 0.016) and 'Physical health' domain (-23.1 ± 14.4, P = 0.016).
Prophylactic treatment with nonacog beta pegol 40 IU kg(-1) once weekly leads to HRQoL benefits in individuals with haemophilia B; this might be related to fewer bleeding episodes and higher FIX activity levels.