Mapi Publications

Linguistic Validation Manual for Health Outcome Assessments.


With increased international collaboration and the growing use of Health Outcome Assessments (HOAs) in research—clinical trials, epidemiological investigations, and clinical practice—the need for international methods of measurement has grown.

In order for a measure to be used in international studies, it must address the same concepts in all languages in order to make it possible to pool data for a combination and comparison of results across countries. The consistent international interpretation and analysis of results is only possible if the data are from a single, identical instrument.